Earth Notes: Saving Electricity and Gas (2013)

Updated 2022-05-15 21:27 GMT.
By Damon Hart-Davis.
Meter readings and energy-saving notes for dual fuel use at home in 2013.
electricity meter 2019 09
2013 PV Output
Gas cooker/stove removed in April. Switched to electric oven and induction hob which should be about carbon neutral for now but reduce footprint as the GB grid gets greener. The second-coldest winter measured in this house from 2007 up to at least 2018.

2013

2013 data (kWh: e used 1658, e gen -3740, g 3859).

See the daily PV generation logs for 2013 as .csv and .png chart.

normalised gas consumption to 2013
This iMeasure graph suggests year-on-year heating efficiency improvements, with declining kWh used each year after allowing for weather differences (HDD), starting at 8.4MWh in 2008 and declining to 3.3MWh in 2013.
2013 Fuel Consumption Data
2013ElectricityGas
MonthConsumed kWh (/d)Generated -kWh (/d)Consumed kWh (/d)PeriodNotes
2013-01 155 (5.0/d) -55 (-1.8/d) 754 (24/d) 20121231T18:41Z to 20130131T23:23Z (31d) Meter readings: electricity generation 54.6kWh, export 35.1kWh, import 135.2kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 154.5kWh); gas ~67.9m^3 (so 754kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
Exports passed 10MWh. Several days with no generation/exports due to snow.
HDD12=231 vs 169 last January.
2013-02 124 (4.4/d) -119 (-4.2/d) 792 (28/d) 20130131T23:23Z to 20130228T18:27Z (28d) Meter readings: electricity generation 118.8kWh, export 91.8kWh, import 98.7kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 123.7kWh); gas ~71.4m^3 (so 792kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
Generation passed 15MWh according to Sunny Beam.
HDD12=230 vs 211 last February.
2013-03 147 (4.7/d) -213 (-6.9/d) 721 (23/d) 20130228T18:27Z to 20130331T17:15Z (31d) Meter readings: electricity generation 213.3kWh, export 167.2kWh, import 100.9kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 147.0kWh); gas ~74.9m^3 (so 721kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
Imports passed 4MWh since import meter fitted (2009-09-21).
HDD12=254 vs 109 last March: coldest month here since 2010-12, second coldest UK March on record.
2013-04 127 (4.2/d) -454 (-15/d) 330 (11/d) 20130331T17:15Z to 20130430T17:25Z (30d) Meter readings: electricity generation 454.3kWh, export 400.2kWh, import 72.8kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 126.9kWh); gas ~29.7m^3 (so 330kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
Central heating off this month after prolonged cold winter. MHRV on mainly at night until the end of the month.
Gas cooker/stove removed at the end of the month; switched to electric oven and induction hob which should be about carbon neutral for now but reduce footprint as the GB grid gets greener and is a step closer to eliminating direct fossil fuel use in the house.
HDD12=121 vs 108 last April.
2013-05 122 (3.9/d) -524 (-17/d) 138 (4.5/d) 20130430T17:25Z to 20130531T17:20Z (31d) Meter readings: electricity generation 524.2kWh, export 454.3kWh, import 52.1kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 122.0kWh); gas ~12.4m^3 (so 138kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3). Passed 11MWh on export meter.
MHRV on occasionally, mainly at night, while exterior temperatures low.
With switch of cooking from gas to electricity I am expecting gas usage to drop ~1kWh/d and electricity usage to rise much less than that (preferably well under 0.5kWh/d to reduce overall carbon footprint). This month both fuels at record non-holiday lows.
HDD12=50 vs 42 last May, ending the coldest spring in 50 years.
2013-06 143 (4.8/d) -554 (-18/d) 136 (4.5/d) 20130531T17:20Z to 20130630T17:10Z (30d) Meter readings: electricity generation 554.3kWh, export 474.7kWh, import 63.9kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 143.5kWh); gas ~12.3m^3 (so 136kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
Some extra grid consumption over expected (~0.4kWh/d) because off-grid system down (restored at end of month), and Air Quality Egg in use (AQE continues to draw ~0.1kWh/d from grid).
Gas usage down ~0.5kWh as last month over previous year and maybe ~0.3kWh/d extra electricity usage attributable to switch from gas cooking; too early to be clear.
HDD12=8 vs 7 last June.
2013-07 106 (4.0/d) -601 (-23/d) 91 (3.4/d) 20130630T17:10Z to 20130727T07:35Z (26.5d) Meter readings: electricity generation 601.2kWh, export 536.2kWh, import 41.2kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 106.2kWh); gas ~8.2m^3 (so 91kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
Short month as went on holiday on 27th, though gas consumption and HDD good to month end anyway, eg zero gas consumption during first holiday week with everyone away. Electricity consumption ~1.4kWh/d during first holiday week: mainly fridge+ADSL, of which ~50% imported.
HDD12=0 vs 1 last July.
2013-08 106 (3.4/d) -620 (-17/d) 58 (1.6/d) 20130727T07:35Z to 20130831T17:01Z (35.5d) Meter readings: electricity generation 620.8kWh, export 568.2kWh, import 53.9kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 105.2kWh); gas ~5.3m^3 (so 58kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
Long month extending from morning of 27th July when we went on holday. No gas consumption at all 28th July to 9th Aug (I managed without DHW home alone for one week, and all cooking is now electric).
HDD12=0 vs 2 last August.
2013-09 151 (5.0/d) -309 (-10/d) 117 (3.9/d) 20130831T17:01Z to 20130930T17:03Z (30d) Meter readings: electricity generation 309.0kWh, export 256.0kWh, import 98.3kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 151.3kWh); gas ~10.5m^3 (so 117kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
HDD12=10 vs 17 last September.
2013-10 141 (4.5/d) -161 (-5.2/d) 102 (3.3/d) 20130930T17:03Z to 20131031T16:48Z (31d) Meter readings: electricity generation 160.7kWh, export 129.1kWh, import 109.0kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 140.6kWh); gas ~9.2m^3 (so 102kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
Passed 13MWh exports this month.
Heating not on yet, though OpenTRV units (mainly V0.09) in and running.
HDD12=23 vs 55 last October.
2013-11 167 (5.6/d) -89 (-3.0/d) 301 (10/d) 20131031T16:48Z to 20131131T18:15Z (30d) Meter readings: electricity generation 88.7kWh, export 58.5kWh, import 136.6kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 166.8kWh); gas ~27.1m^3 (so 301kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
2013-11-11: two 3G units' outer panes shattered when outside temps reached ~3C overnight!
2013-11-15: heating on (for a couple of days it had been on intermittently), under OpenTRV control.
HDD12=139 vs 133 last November (@~3kWh/d base DHW use, implies ~1.5kWh/HDD12 for CH).
2013-12 170 (5.5/d) -50 (-1.6/d) 418 (13/d) 20131131T18:15Z to 20131231T19:25Z (31d) Meter readings: electricity generation 49.8kWh, export 27.5kWh, import 147.3kWh (thus net consumption (I+G-E) 169.6kWh); gas ~37.6m^3 (so 418kWh @ 11.1kWh/m^3).
2013-12-27: house down to ~12°C (minimum ~10°C) after three days empty and only frost protection with outside temps down to ~3°C.
All rooms now OpenTRV heating zones.
HDD12=152 vs 190 last December and 154 previously (@~3kWh/d base DHW use, implies ~2.1kWh/HDD12 for CH, ~20--40% heating efficiency improvement since 2011 allowing for 1kWh/d cooking reduction).
2013 total (Jan--Dec) 1659 (4.54/d) -3750 (-10.3/d) 3859 (10.6/d) 20121231T18:41Z to 20131231T19:25Z (365d) Electricity import (1108kWh vs 1015kWh) and gross consumption (1659kWh vs 1542kWh) marginally up from 2012 as expected due to switch to electric cooker. Generation essentially unchanged. Average 189W gross. Gas consumption up a little (3859kWh vs 3707kWh) given ~150kWh cooking elimination but HDD12 (1218 vs 1043) suggests improved heating efficiency (at ~2.1kWh/HDD12). (The kWh figures agree closely with end-of year bills which also, wrongly alas, project total bills for next year for all energy of just over £400!) Similar final carbon-negative position to last year.
kgCO2 713kg (2.0/d) -1612kg (-4.4/d) 733kg (2.0/d) ~-0.17tCO2 (~-0.45kgCO2/d) gas/electricity emissions total for 4 people, based on 0.43kgCO2/kWh for electricity (netted) and 0.19kgCO2/kWh for gas, ie slightly carbon negative.
Note that we haven't flown this year again, we still don't own a car and travel almost entirely by (usually-electrified) public transport.
~1126 words.

16WW Energy Stats Summary

A summary of consolidated energy statistics from multiple 16WW data sources.

gas import (gas)

Yearly gas import.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/gas/Y/gas-Y.csv.

Table: yearly gas import; sources: Loop meter; max: 9000
Source: LoopSource: meter
DatekWhkWh
2007*9000unknown cover
20088883+++++++++
20096201++++++
20105784++++++
20113937++++
20123707++++
20133859++++
20142997+++
20152862+++
2016*3267~92% cover3851++++
20173423+++3429+++
20183680++++3806++++
20192888+++3157+++
2020*2077~75% cover2899+++
20213379+++

grid import (imp)

Yearly grid import.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/imp/Y/imp-Y.csv.

Table: yearly grid import; sources: Eddi Enphase meter; max: 9800
Source: EddiSource: EnphaseSource: meter
DatekWhkWhkWh
2005*9800unknown cover
2006*9800unknown cover
2007*6968unknown cover
2008*409~16% cover
2009*403~25% cover
20101220+
20111081+
20121015+
20131108+
20141136+
20151183+
20161242+
20171248+
2018*420~41% cover1187+
2019846914
20209611054+
20219351003+
2022*126~18% cover*297~33% cover

grid export (exp)

Yearly grid export.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/exp/Y/exp-Y.csv.

Table: yearly grid export; sources: Eddi Enphase meter; max: 3491.5
Source: EddiSource: EnphaseSource: meter
DatekWhkWhkWh
2009*148~25% cover
20103044++++++++
20113492++++++++++
20123251+++++++++
20133199+++++++++
20143402+++++++++
20153226+++++++++
20163150+++++++++
20173181+++++++++
2018*693~41% cover3170+++++++++
20192706+++++++2778+++++++
20202627+++++++2722+++++++
20212230++++++2299++++++
2022*251~18% cover*271~33% cover

gross in-home electricity consumption (con)

Yearly gross in-home electricity consumption.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/con/Y/con-Y.csv.

Table: yearly gross in-home electricity consumption; sources: Enphase meter; max: 9700
Source: EnphaseSource: meter
DatekWhkWh
20059700++++++++++
20069700++++++++++
20076968+++++++
20082036++
20091942++
20101554+
20111578+
20121542+
20131659+
20141678+
20151786+
20161831+
20171862+
2018*768~41% cover1998++
20191937+1992++
20202343++2398++
20212119++2205++
2022*927~33% cover

net grid imports (net)

Yearly net grid imports.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/net/Y/net-Y.csv.

Table: yearly net grid imports; sources: synth; max: 254.8
Source: synth
DatekWh
2009*255~25% cover
2010-1830
2011-2406
2012-2279
2013-2089
2014-2266
2015-2043
2016-1908
2017-1933
2018-1984
2019-1854
2020-1700
2021-1352
2022*28~33% cover

total grid-tied PV generation (gen)

Yearly total grid-tied PV generation.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/gen/Y/gen-Y.csv.

Table: yearly total grid-tied PV generation; sources: Enphase meter SunnyBeam; max: 4084.42
Source: EnphaseSource: meterSource: SunnyBeam
DatekWhkWhkWh
2008*915~92% cover*890~85% cover
20092956+++++++2907+++++++
20103547++++++++3483++++++++
20113988+++++++++3922+++++++++
20123778+++++++++3713+++++++++
20133750+++++++++3688+++++++++
20143944+++++++++3882+++++++++
20153829+++++++++3767+++++++++
20163703+++++++++3677+++++++++
20173794+++++++++3737+++++++++
2018*1069~41% cover3928+++++++++3931+++++++++
20193871+++++++++3856+++++++++3801+++++++++
20204084+++++++++4070+++++++++4021+++++++++
20213514++++++++3501++++++++3449++++++++
2022*978~33% cover*973~33% cover*1459~42% cover

off-grid primary PV generation (geno)

Yearly off-grid primary PV generation.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/geno/Y/geno-Y.csv.

Table: yearly off-grid primary PV generation; sources: SSMPPT; max: 99.2
Source: SSMPPT
DatekWh
2016*40.0~38% cover
201799.2++++++++++
201883.0++++++++
201966.7++++++
202062.2++++++
202182.1++++++++
2022*37.8~42% cover

grid-tied battery charge (battc)

Yearly grid-tied battery charge.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/battc/Y/battc-Y.csv.

Table: yearly grid-tied battery charge; sources: Enphase; max: 490.213
Source: Enphase
DatekWh
2018*163~41% cover
2019431++++++++
2020451+++++++++
2021490++++++++++
2022*286~33% cover

grid-tied battery discharge (battd)

Yearly grid-tied battery discharge.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/battd/Y/battd-Y.csv.

Table: yearly grid-tied battery discharge; sources: Enphase; max: 389.84
Source: Enphase
DatekWh
2018*135~41% cover
2019358+++++++++
2020375+++++++++
2021390++++++++++
2022*209~33% cover

DHW heater 1 diversion from PV (h1d)

Yearly DHW heater 1 diversion from PV.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/h1d/Y/h1d-Y.csv.

Table: yearly DHW heater 1 diversion from PV; sources: Eddi; max: 197.532
Source: Eddi
DatekWh
2022*198~18% cover

DHW heater 1 boost from grid (h1b)

Yearly DHW heater 1 boost from grid.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/h1b/Y/h1b-Y.csv.

Table: yearly DHW heater 1 boost from grid; sources: Eddi; max: 14.738
Source: Eddi
DatekWh
2022*14.7~18% cover

DHW heater 1 all (h1)

Yearly DHW heater 1 all.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/h1/Y/h1-Y.csv.

Table: yearly DHW heater 1 all; sources: Eddi; max: 212.27
Source: Eddi
DatekWh
2022*212~18% cover

DHW heater 1 all plus gas (heat)

Yearly DHW heater 1 all plus gas.

Data as CSV: data/consolidated/energy/std/heat/Y/heat-Y.csv.

Table: yearly DHW heater 1 all plus gas; sources: synth; max: 8882
Source: synth
DatekWh
20088882++++++++++
20096203++++++
20105783++++++
20113937++++
20123615++++
20133958++++
20142998+++
20152860+++
20163851++++
20173431+++
20183792++++
20193048+++
20202812+++
20213445+++
2022*1501~27% cover

See 16WW energy series datasets.