Earth Notes: On Clip-On Power Meters for the UK: Review (2011)Updated 2022-12-16 11:05 GMT.
By Damon Hart-Davis.
WARNING: if you have a (UK) smart meter then don't buy a clip-on meter. Your "In Home Display" (IHD) should do what a clip-on does, and more accurately.
Review: Efergy Elite 2.0 vs Npower Smartpower (+Owl)
(AKA "power monitors" or "energy monitors". Or vampire detectors!)
See photos of them being tested.
What They Do
These devices give you a fair idea of how much power your whole house is sucking from the grid, live. Studies suggest that just seeing what is being used when, helps save 10% to 20%. (Just as the Efergy 'energy saving guide' claims.) See how much juice you normally consume. Then how much that drops when you turn stuff off at the wall. See the savings from turning lights off when there's enough daylight. See real pounds and pence, on the display!
The style of "clip-on" meter being reviewed here is quick and easy to install. (A sensor simply needs to be clipped onto the main power wire at your meter.) But it does not give very accurate numbers. Nor does it help you pick out the power consumption of individual appliances.
(Our house has less than half typical UK consumption. We don't have much 'vampire'/'standby' load. So our load at night drops to 50W (0.05kW) or less other than when the fridge runs. Tell me if you beat that and still don't cut your bills!)
Fitting and Setting Up
Both wireless meters were easy to set up and install.
Amazingly both seem to work well even with the door shut on our metal meter box, with the transmitters inside. Nor do they interfere with one another.
The monitors have a similar resolution. (Elite is 10W, Smartpower is 5W.) They seemed to agree closely with one another most of the time. For example one read 260W, and the other 270W.
The sleek black Npower monitor display needs to be plugged in. That prevents keeping an eye on it while walking round the house. (Eg turning things on and off to see what happens.) But it has a slightly prettier graphical display than the Efergy. The chunky rubbery Efergy display is small enough to slip into a (big) pocket. It has a decent green backlight. So I was able to check at night that we were down to 50W or so. Annoyingly, sometimes I could not get the Efergy backlight to work when needed., It's set to only work between certain hours.
Solar PV Confusion
I did the initial set-up in the evening where everything behaved as expected. But in the day, when our solar PV grid-tie system started generating/exporting, things went a little wrong. By their basic design these monitors are not capable of handling export from local microgeneration. Instead they see it as a load, ie consumption.
As soon as the PV was generating 20W--200W both monitors showed a high load. The phantom load rose as the actual export did. It was ~450W on the Efergy and ~495W on the Npower. Switching on a 1kW load such as our toaster or travel kettle had the display change from ~450W to ~1150W on the Efergy.
Not only can the meters not tell which way the power is flowing. Something about the shape of the PV generation also confuses them.
As the amount of generation has gone up, eg to over 600W, the monitor displays more closely/accurately reflected the export number. (Even though still in the 'wrong' direction!)
None of this is a criticism of this style of clip-on meter. It is just an inherent limitation of this design.
These clip-on meters have problems with non-resistive loads. Also with varying mains voltage, which they cannot track.
Both monitors require batteries for the sensor/transmitter. The Elite requires a further set for its mobile display.
The Elite recommends rechargeables throughout. Disappointingly the Smartpower insists on disposables. That contributes to waste, when it exists in order to reduce waste. The Elite also allows the transmission rate from the sensor to be reduced. Presumably to reduce power consumption and prolong battery life. Also good.
My partner found the meters easy enough to use. Eg to spot the reading rise when the kettle was on. The Efergy Elite was easiest. She's not convinced that she'd use it all the time. But then we have already ruthlessly measured and trimmed and conserved!
Owl Wireless Electricity Monitor CM119
The Owl seems to want entirely alkaline batteries (no rechargeables). Which is a shame.
The clip-on meter and transmitter are lighter than that for AlertMe. More like the Efergy and Npower/GEO.
The display unit is big and clear (and monochrome) and entirely portable. No mains required, though there is a socket to plug in a mains adapter. The power/cost is shown in super-large digits. They are readable across a room. There are smaller cumulative and time/date/temperature readings below.
Operating the buttons to set up the unit and change display mode produces quite loud and piercing beeps which could be bad or good. (Good for someone elderly with diminished vision and hearing?)
The whole-house consumption shown by the Owl fairly closely tracks that shown by the AlertMe. (Though both are badly wrong when our solar PV is generating.) Resolution is 1W. That is somewhat misleading, given that clip-on meters can easily be a factor or 2 or 3 out on some loads. But the layout of the display avoids the need for any mental arithmetic!
The controls (buttons, menus, etc) are reasonably easy to use. Indeed, they're easy to guess without looking at the instruction booklet!
The Owl seems not to have a backlight, which is a slight disadvantage.
Unlike the Efergy and Npower/GEO, the Owl is able to work on 3-phase systems. (Two more clip-on meter/transmitters would be needed, I think.) The AlertMe system could accept inputs from three clamps. But I don't believe that its software would do the right thing.
I prefer the Efergy Elite. Portability, backlight, and use of rechargeables throughout make for a win.
2022-12-16: Apparent Power
... they only measure apparent power (VA) which will be higher than the actual house load. When you get to low loads this is significant - a typical smoke detector draws 10-20VA which will show up in the readings.
Andy followed up to say that clip-on meters
... can read slightly "high" for some loads like smoke detectors and LED lights.